Early American political leaders embraced Montesquieu's work, citing The Spirit of the Laws frequently. He was for action rather than what the well-to-do called reason. Voltaire, it is said, tried to separate fiction and fact and tried to explain Charles — Sweden's war-making monarch and invader of Russia back in — as an extraordinary man worthy of respect.
Still, Montesquieu was nervous about the potential for monarchies and despots to interfere in an economic system that worked better left to itself. Finally, critics of the later twentieth-century emphasized the importance of commerce to Montesquieu's theory of politics.
His most significant historical work is the Reflections on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans, in which he demonstrates his method of interpreting historical causes and effects, focusing on the underlying sociological and moral reasons for Rome's decline as well as the political causes.
The work reflected his extensive reading and research in Latin sources and revealed a new seriousness in his writings. He would take a leading role in the French Revolution from its beginning inhoping for a rational reconstruction of society.
This exceedingly successful work mocks the reign of Louis XIVwhich had only recently ended; pokes fun at all social classes; discusses, in its allegorical story of the Troglodytes, the theories of Thomas Hobbes relating to the state of nature. Because the satire and criticism found within The Persian Letters is largely symbolic, many critics have suggested that Montesquieu intended additional targets.
Behavior, he believed, could be quantitatively analyzed. He also thought human qualities were determined by climate and the nature of soil. Ineager to spend more time in Paris, he sold his office in parlement—a common practice at the time—though he stipulated that the office could be resold to his son.
Opposed to authoritarianism, he was anti-clerical and, unlike Voltaire, he was also opposed to monarchy. It also makes an original, if naive, contribution to the new science of demography ; continually compares Islam and Christianity ; reflects the controversy about the papal bull Unigenitus, which was directed against the dissident Catholic group known as the Jansenists ; satirizes Roman Catholic doctrine; and is infused throughout with a new spirit of vigorous, disrespectful, and iconoclastic criticism.
Voltaire had also been influenced by Newton and Locke. He located the basis of ethics in emotions rather than reason. The school was reputed to be very progressive and attracted students from across France.
In France, history was still being described as it had been in Medieval times, with supernatural causes, and Montesquieu defied this tradition.
He was opposed to republicanism and disliked democracy, which he saw as mob rule.What Were Montesquieu's Major Contributions? Montesquieu, also known as Charles-Louis de Secondat, was a major contributor to the framing of the U.S. Constitution.
He was one of the leading philosophers during the Enlightenment, and his theories on the separation of. The Contribution Of The Enlightenment Era Words | 7 Pages The Enlightenment era was a significant time period in which many advancements were.
What Were Montesquieu's Major Contributions? A: Quick Answer. Montesquieu, also known as Charles-Louis de Secondat, was a major contributor to the framing of the U.S.
Constitution. Voltaire's contributions to Enlightenment philosophy were primarily in the form of the popularization of British ideals amongst French intellectuals and hi.
Montesquieu wrote in the spirit of his age—a time of libertinism and Enlightenment.
His good social connections, his lively and energetic style, his rationalism, and his advocacy of political liberty made him a popular writer both in France and other European countries, particularly England.
What specific contributions did Montesquieu, Voltaire and Diderot make to the age of Enlightenment? Contrast their political ideas with that of Thomas Hobbes Essay by keishabbwnj, College, Undergraduate, November /5(1). Enlightenment Influences on American Ideals Essay Words | 5 Pages By the late eighteenth century, the Enlightenment, or the Age of Reason as it was called had begun to rapidly spread across Europe.Download