Xenophon ends with some words on military equipment for a cavalryman. You could use chariots to get into battle and use them to squash your enemies, and you could ride them in order to get from one city to another much more quickly than the other army could.
The fifth century Theban lyric poet Pindar immortalises the victories of the horses and riders at the Isthmian, Olympian, Pythian and Neman Greek games in his epinicean odes. And you could carry tents and food on their backs.
So loved were they, that it was common, when praising the virtues of a god or goddess, to refer to their excellent horse skills or even to compare them to the noble creatures.
The harnessed Greek horse is much more of a spectacular legacy than the ridden horse. But around Horses in ancient greece, people began to tame horses, to domesticate them, to eat them and to use them to carry things. Menegatos, a lecturer from the Agricultural University of Athens, there were eight different breeds of Greek horses.
Horses were not only used for this spectacular and dangerous event in early times, but they were used and worshipped as so much more. Also, until the medieval period, men generally did not really fight on horseback. Scanty amounts of horse armor have been found from that time period.
This love and admiration of horses came, in part, from the content of the myths, which were filled with stories of the gods riding horses, being pulled in horse-drawn chariots, or giving horses as gifts to mortals. It is believed that the first appearance of the horse in Greece was with the arrival of the Indo-Europeans around BC.
The prizes varied, and could be anything from a vase to a woman. But around BC, people began to tame horses, to domesticate them, to eat them and to use them to carry things. In peacetime, horses could carry trade goods from one city to another, and they could pull wagons full of people or hay or wheat or pots from one place to another too.
The south and west friezes depict the common motif of the horse rearing over a fallen enemy, in preparation for battle and in procession, as well as the beautifully and expressively carved horse head of Selene on the East Pediment.
In the Middle Ages this changed with the development of mounted knights. The first appearance of horses at Troy is around BC.
Some people have said that this was because the stirrup had not been invented until the Middle Ages, but this is probably not the main reason. The only problems for the cavalry arose from the fact that they had no stirrups and high or broken ground.
The value of the horse in Ancient Greece can only ever be guessed at, but one thing is certain; it is that horses were truly cherished. East pediment of the Parthenon, 5th century BC.
Mortals who were given special horses by the gods knew they were much loved.This symposium features contributors to The Horse in Ancient Greek Art catalogue and explores equestrian art and culture in ancient Greece, from the social prestige of owning and racing horses and chariots to the fabulous.
Horses were probably first domesticated by central Asian nomads in the 3rd millennium B.C. and were first recorded in Greece around BC. Horses, at first, were all wild animals like zebras are today.4/4(1). The Role of Horses in Ancient Greece by: Sarah Kline Horses have been an important, if not vital, part of most great societies.
This fact was no less true in Ancient Greek society where horses were held on a level just below the gods. Horses were an integral part of life in ancient Greece. They played an active role in warfare, transportation and in the games such as the Panathenaic Games in Athens.
They played an active role in warfare, transportation and in the games such as the Panathenaic Games in Athens. Feb 09, · The significance of the horse in ancient Greece Head of horse from the chariot of the moon-goddess Selene.
East pediment of the Parthenon, 5th century BC. British Museum. London The horse (“hippos”) was first domesticated in what is now Kazakhstan five thousand years ago and eight breeds were cultivated in Ancient Greece. THE HIPPOI ATHANATOI were the immortal horses of the gods.
Most of these divine steeds were offspring of the four Anemoi (Wind-Gods) who themselves drew the chariot of Zeus in the guise of horses. ANCIENT GREEK ART.
K Chariot & Horses of Ares. Athenian Red Figure Vase Painting C5th B.C.Download